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Artists Shona Rapira Davies and Emily Karaka's interview for Te Papa

Emily Karaka and Shona Rapira Davies are senior Māori artists who rose to prominence in the mid-1980s. A new show, Two Artists, showcases the differences between their individual practices, styles, and approaches. It also locates them together as contemporaries and as artists of determination, power, and vision.

Emily Karaka (Ngāti Hine, Ngāti Wai, Ngāi Tai, and Waihou) defines herself as an abstract expressionist painter. Her work is recognisable for its expressive intensity, her use of high key colour, and her gritty address of political issues related to Māori land rights and the Treaty of Waitangi.

Shona Rapira Davies (Ngāti Wai) is a sculptor who also has a drawing and painting practice. Her work is introspective and often uses text to express vulnerability, pain, and a view into her private world. Though deeply personal, it is also political and speaks to the social impact of colonisation, particularly upon Māori women. It ‘reflects the time it is made in’, says Rapira Davies, but can also be defined by ‘the person viewing it’.

Read the rest of the interview published in Te Papa's Off the Wall arts magazine.

Their work is currently on show on Level 5 at Te Papa until October 2015. More details are available here.

Updated on 23rd July 2015

YouTube clips

These clips are taken from the Ministry's YouTube page.

Performance by the Royal New Zealand Air Force Band marking their 80th anniversary on 12th May 2017. This video features sound.

Time lapse video of the 2017 Anzac Day ceremonies held at the Pukeahu National War Memorial Park featuring the Dawn Service, National Commemoration and the Last Post. Video courtesy of Chameleon Event Management & Neil Price Photography.  This video does not feature any sound.

Time lapse video of the Last Post ceremony on Anzac Day 2016 which was followed by the WWI Remembered : Light and Sound show. Video shot by Mark Tantram Photography.

The time lapse video of the Dawn Service on Anzac Day 2016. Video shot by Mark Tantrum Photography which features background music.

This video features Anon vocal ensemble performing at the Hall of Memories in Pukeahu National War Memorial Park on 26 July 2015 as part of the Capital 150 celebrations.

This video features sound.

Timelapse video of Pukeahu National War Memorial Park on Anzac Day 2015 from the Dawn Service to the evening's Beating the Retreat ceremony. Footage is by Paul Fisher Photography.

There are no sound files or captions for this video.

Drone footage of the newly opened Pukeahu National War Memorial Park. Video shot by Morgan Whitfield for the Memorial Park Alliance on 21 April 2015.

This video features background music but there is no commentary.

Timelapse video of the opening of Pukeahu National War Park on 18 April 2015. Footage is by Paul Fisher Photography.

There are no sound files or captions for this video.

A visual history of Pukeahu National War Memorial Park compiled by Rowan Pierce.  This clip screened at the opening ceremony on 18 April 2015.

There are no sound files with this video.

Artist Darcy Nicholas carving and casting the Hinerangi sculpture which is located in the Ngā Tapuwae o te Kāhui Maunga gardens. Filmed and edited by Darcy's son James Nicholas.

This video features sound.

Film showing the National War Memorial in 2011, just before the Pukeahu National War Memorial Park was developed.

There are no sounds files or captions for this video.

Related clips

WWI remembered - light and sound show footage taken by Sean Gillespie.

WWI remembered - Wellington City Council street parade on 24 April 2015 taken by Transport New Zealand.

Raw footage of the 2015 Dawn Service at Pukeahu taken by Scoop.

LEARNZ's education portal.

WW100's list of YouTube clips relating to New Zealand World War I commemorations.

Updated on 24th May 2017

Image Gallery

Explore Pukeahu National War Memorial Park in pictures by browsing Manatū Taonga’s photostream on Flickr.

We're also on Instagram.

Honour Guard vigil at the Dawn Service on Anzac Day 2016.

Credit: New Zealand Defence Force

Anzac Day - 25 April 2016

Mr Jim France, representing the veterans of the Pacific War with Minister Peter Dunne.

Credit: Ministry for Culture and Heritage

70th anniversary of the end of the World War Two in the Pacific - 15 August 2015.

View of the Centenary for the Battle of Chunuk Bair service in August 2015.
Credit: Photograph by Mark Tantrum Photography

Centenary of the Battle for Chunuk Bair - 08 August 2015

View of the Dawn Service Parade at Anzac Square on Anzac Day 2015.
Credit: Photograph by Paul Fisher Photography

Anzac Day - 25 April 2015

Prime Ministers Tony Abbott and John Key at the Australian Memorial Dedication Ceremony.
Credit: Ministry for Culture and Heritage

Australian Memorial Dedication ceremony - 20 April 2015

View of the opening ceremony in April 2015.
Credit: Photograph by Colin McLellan

Opening of Pukeahu National War Memorial Park - 18 April 2015

View of the Arras Tunnel under construction in 2013.
Credit: Photograph by Colin McLellan

Development of Pukeahu National War Memorial Park 2012-2015

Updated on 11th May 2016

Centennial commemorations for Kahuranaki Marae

Courtesy of Government House, here are images from the May 2015 centennial commemorations for Kahuranaki Marae where the original wharenui was constructed on instruction from Te Hapuku, one of the Hawke’s Bay signatories. The Marae is located in the rural settlement of Te Hauke.

The third meeting house of its kind after the first two were demolished.


King Tuheitia arriving with the Tainui delegation.

His Excellency the Governor-General of New Zealand.


View a related Maori Television news item here.

Updated on 23rd July 2015

Treaty Talk project

The first chapter of Are We There Yet – The Future of the Treaty Of Waitangi by the Morgan Foundation is now available to download for free. Click here to download now (800kb PDF).

Image is the book cover 'Are we there yet?'

You can watch a trailer based on earlier footage here. Password is talktreaty1.

About the Morgan Foundation

The Morgan Foundation is a NZ-based and NZ-funded charitable trust which delivers projects in New Zealand and overseas. A key purpose of our work in New Zealand is to produce high quality research on important public issues which we then communicate to the general public in novel and innovative ways. We try to be an effective bridge between NZ’s expert community and the public. Because we are completely independent of any government funding or political party, and respect confidentiality, we are fortunate to hear the candid opinions of NZ’s  expert community. Our take on policy issues can be very different to mainstream views. In recent years the Foundation has produced and communicated research on the climate change, the tax and welfare system, the food industry, fishing, river management and, most recently, the Treaty of Waitangi.

Background to the Talk Treaty project

The above YouTube clip features Gareth Morgan discussing the Talk Treaty project.

In 2014 the Morgan Foundation published a book about the Treaty of Waitangi. It was called “Are we there yet? the future of the Treaty of Waitangi”.

One of the findings in the book was that how well connected people are in a diverse society – how much “social capital” there is - impacts significantly on their country’s economic performance and social indicators like the crime rate, youth suicide and family violence. Moreover, the benefits of living in a well connected society are enjoyed by everyone, not just those who are personally closely connected to friends, family and their community.

Another finding was that constitutional arrangements like those in New Zealand can impact on this connectedness, doing great harm in some cases. So while the common view in New Zealand is that the Māori seats for example are justified by poor socio-economic outcomes for Māori in fact those constitutional arrangements may be contributing to those poor outcomes. This was a surprising and challenging result and it prompted us to begin a new phase of research.

We found little in the way of indepth New Zealand research to inform us about connectedness in New Zealand. It seemed that no-one was adequately monitoring this essential resource “social capital”. So if we were right and our constitutional arrangements were eroding social capital in New Zealand, we could lose this essential resource quietly, slowly, without anyone really noticing.

We decided to investigate how well connected Māori and Pakeha are. When do people first become aware of cultural differences? How do they navigate them at work, at home, in the community? How prevalent is discrimination and what lies behind it? How socially dividing is poverty? Is the way the Treaty being applied divisive? What can be done to increases connectedness?

We began asking people about connectedness. We aimed to build a benchmark, a starting point, from which future views could be compared. And even if we were wrong, and our constitutional arrangements are no threat to New Zealand’s social capital, it seemed a good idea to examine current social capital anyway since it is so important to overall economic and social performance and we should try and build on it if we can.

Originally our interviews were solely for this research purpose. But from the moment the first interviews were in the bag it became clear to us that we should try and share the interviews as widely as possible. The interviews were so engaging, the stories so compelling, we thought many other people would value seeing them. Fortunately for us, most of the interviewees have agreed to a wider use of their footage.

It also became clear early on that the interview footage we were collecting could contribute positively in another area. Another conclusion we came to in Are we there yet? was that the New Zealand public needed to discuss the Treaty more. The Treaty has been increasingly applied in all areas of public life in NZ but to a large extent this has been without the knowledge of the general public. Our view was that ultimately how the Treaty is to be applied is a decision the public as a whole has to come to, Māori and non-Māori working together to decide. None of the arrangements made by politicians and the courts will ultimately be enduring if the wider public are left out of the process. So another goal of the Talk Treaty project is to inspire conversations about the Treaty and related issues in people’s homes, at work, in social settings.

Check out the project here.

Updated on 7th January 2016